JAAPA | Conlon, J. Leocadia PhD, MPH, PA-C; Malcolm, Sharyn MD, MPH, FAAP; Monaghan, Maureen PhD
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), characterized by ovulatory dysfunction and hyperandrogenism, is one of the most common endocrine disorders in women of reproductive age. Early diagnosis can help clinicians address associated long-term metabolic and reproductive health complications and mitigate the negative effects of PCOS on a patient's mental health and quality of life. Clinicians often are challenged by the diagnosis and management of PCOS because of controversies around diagnostic criteria, especially for adolescents. The International Consortium of Paediatric Endocrinology 2017 Consensus Statement provides practical guidance for clinicians to implement best practices for the identification, diagnosis, and management of PCOS in adolescents.